The Practice of Keeping Retainers

  Definition of Retainers In the Middle Ages the Feudal System established a link between the different classes. Under the system, land was provided in return for a fee or service. By the beginning of the Tudor period, the practice of keeping retainers had been adopted by noblemen to ensure a loyal workforce.  Retainers were … Read more

White Rose of York


White Rose of York  The white rose was first used as an emblem by Edmund of Langley, son of King Edward III. Edmund had been created first duke of York in August 1385 and chose the emblem soon afterwards.

It is believed that it was chosen as a symbol of the Virgin Mary who was known as the Mystical Rose.

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The Wars of the Roses – How did the Tudors come to power?


War of the Roses - Red Rose of Lancaster  War of the Roses - White Rose of York

The Wars of the Roses is the name given to a series of conflicts in the fifteenth century fought between the members of the House of Lancaster and the House of York.  It was called the Wars of the Roses because the House of Lancaster was represented by the red rose and the House of York was represented by the white rose.

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