Red Rose of Lancaster

Red rose of Lancaster  

The red rose of Lancaster was first used as an emblem by Edmund, son of Henry III, in August 1265. He had been created the first earl of Lancaster by his father. It is believed that the species he chose was Rosa Gallica, a cultivated rose.Subsequent earls of Lancaster kept the emblem but it did not form any part of their livery or flag. When Henry VI became King he designated the rose as the national flower of England. The rose has remained the national flower of England to this day.

The red rose of Lancaster and the white rose of York have become symbols of the Wars of the Roses but it is unlikely that either side displayed roses during the conflict. Nor was the conflict named the Wars of the Roses at the time. It is thought likely that the conflict gained its name from the scene in Shakespeare’s play Henry VI where he depicts members of both houses choosing roses in a garden.

 

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2017). Red Rose of Lancaster Available: http://www.tudornation.com/red-rose-of-lancaster Last accessed February 17th, 2019

 

You may also like

  •    The white rose was first used as an emblem by Edmund of Langley, son of King Edward III. Edmund had been created first duke of York in August 1385 and chose the emblem soon afterwards. It is believed that it was chosen as a symbol of the Virgin Mary…
  •   The Wars of the Roses is the name given to a series of conflicts in the fifteenth century between the members of the House of Lancaster and the House of York.  It was called the Wars of the Roses because the House of Lancaster was represented by the red…
  •   In the fifteenth century, there was a power struggle between rival descendants of Edward III. The conflict between them is known as the Wars of the Roses. The descendants of John of Gaunt were Lancastrians represented by a red rose. The descendants of Edmund of Langley were Yorkists represented…
  • Please click on links for explanation B Bosworth Field, Battle of C Catherine of Valois E Edmund Tudor England 1500 J Jasper Tudor L Lambert Simnel M Margaret Beaufort P Perkin Warbeck R Red Rose of Lancaster Retainers T Tudor Rose W Wars of the Roses White Rose of York
    Tags: rose, red, lancaster, roses, wars, england
  •   Jasper Tudor was the uncle of King Henry VII and played an important role in aiding Henry VII's accession to the throne and the founding of the Tudor dynasty. Childhood Jasper was born in 1431 the second or third son of Henry V's widow, Catherine of Valois and Owen Tudor,…
    Tags: henry, vi, lancaster