Tudor Education, Art, Travel and Culture Chronology

 

A chronology of Tudor Education, Art, Travel and Culture

1480
London
In 1480, London was an international city with a population of 60,000 that was steadily becoming the business centre of Europe. The city now extended beyond the city walls to take in Southwark in the south, Westminster in the west and Thameside in the East. Merchants from Venice and the low countries brought wines, spices, glassware, pottery, carpets, silk and timber to London which they exchanged for English wool. England also exported corn, tin, coal, timber and salt but to a much lesser degree than wool and cloth.
1485
Morte d’Arthur
William Caxton published Thomas Malory’s Morte d’Arthur.
1486
Thomas Wolsey gained a degree
Thomas Wolsey, aged 15 years, became a Bachelor of Arts.
March 1486
Henry VII went on a Progress
Henry VII and Elizabeth of York embarked on a progress to the north of England accompanied by 200 bowmen. Henry wanted to show the north of England that he was secure in London which he hoped would put off any would-be Yorkist pretender to the throne. He made a great show of richness and grandeur which he hoped would inspire awe, respect and the affection of his people.
1489
England
The population of England was about 3 million. Due to yearly outbreaks of plague and sickness the population stayed at about this number. There was a general shortage of Labourers which meant wages were high and rents low.
October 1489
Sovereign minted
A new coin was introduced. The golden sovereign depicted Henry VII wearing the imperial crown.
1492
Thomas More attended Oxford
Thomas More, aged 14 years, entered Oxford University.
1494
Thomas More entered the Inns of Court
Thomas More left Oxford University and entered the Inns of Court where he would pursue a career in law.
25th June 1495
Henry VII Progress
Henry VII left London to make a progress (royal tour/holiday) to Lancashire. During the tour he visited his mother Lady Margaret Beaufort.
July 1495
Prince Henry Education
Prince Henry began his formal education. The Poet Laureate, John Skelton, was appointed his tutor. Henry was taught to speak and write both Latin and French and taught a basic knowledge of Italian and Spanish. His lessons also included coaching in deportment and how to behave on formal occasions.
1496
Thomas More – Lincoln’s Inn
Thomas More entered Lincoln’s Inn as part of his legal training.
1496
Portsmouth Dry Dock
The first dry dock in the World was built at Portsmouth. This would enable ships to be built in the port.
5th March 1496
Exploration
The explorer John Cabot was granted letters patent that allowed him to sail five ships under the English flag to discover new lands. On his return to England he was to pay the King one fifth of all profits from his venture.
12th June 1496
Cambridge University
Jesus College, Cambridge was founded.
2nd May 1497
Exploration
John Cabot, financed by Henry VII, set sail in ‘The Matthew’ with a crew of 18 sailors to discover new lands.
24th June 1497
Exploration
John Cabot discovered an uninhabited land which he named the New-Found-Land.
6th August 1497
Exploration
John Cabot returned to England. He was given a reward of £10 (roughly 2 years pay for a craftsman) by Henry VII.
May 1498
Exploration
John Cabot left England with five ships, one of which had been donated by King Henry VII. One of the ships had to put into harbour in Ireland after being damaged. The fate of the other four ships is unknown. Recent research suggests that Cabot was in London in 1500 and that he travelled with his son in 1508 but the facts are not clear.
early 1499
Prince Henry Public Duty
Prince Henry aged seven years performed his first public duty when he attended a meeting of the City of London Trade Guilds.
late Summer 1499
Erasmus met the Royal children
The Humanist, Erasmus and Thomas More shared a midday meal with the royal children.
1501
Prince Arthur Education
Thomas Linacre, a Humanist and friend of John Colet and Thomas More, was appointed tutor to Prince Arthur.
21st May 1501
Catherine of Aragon’s journey to England
Catherine of Aragon left the Alhambra in Granada and began the first stage of her journey, from Granada to Corunna where she would board a boat for England.
20th July 1501
Catherine of Aragon’s journey to England
Catherine of Aragon reached the port of Corunna. Due to unfavourable weather they were confined to port.
17th August 1501
Catherine of Aragon’s journey to England
Catherine of Aragon set sail bound for England.
21st August 1501
Catherine of Aragon’s journey to England
A violent storm in the Bay of Biscay forced Catherine of Aragon to return to Spain.
27th September 1501
Catherine of Aragon’s journey to England
Catherine of Aragon set sail for England again.
2nd October 1501
Catherine of Aragon arrived in England
Catherine of Aragon reached England. She was given a warm welcome by the Mayor of Plymouth and the local people. She was escorted to Exeter where she was to stay
16th October 1501
Catherine of Aragon began her journey to London
A delegation of courtiers arrived in Exeter to escort Catherine of Aragon to London.
4th November 1501
Henry VII and Prince Arthur met Catherine of Aragon
Henry and Prince Arthur were eager to meet the young bride and, rather than waiting until she reached Lambeth as planned, they rode to meet her party on the road. Both Henry and Arthur were pleased with her appearance and returned to London the following morning.
9th November 1501
Catherine of Aragon reached London
Catherine of Aragon reached Lambeth Palace in London where she rested.
12th November 1501
Catherine of Aragon formally entered London
Catherine of Aragon made her formal entry into London riding a gaily decorated horse. She was greeted with pageant’s along the route as she processed through the city.
21st December 1501
Exploration
Bristol merchants returned from Newfoundland. They brought with then three native people and a quantity of cod.
January 1502
Prince Arthur and Catherine reached Ludlow
Prince Arthur and Catherine reached Ludlow Castle in the Welsh Marches.
March 1502
Sweating sickness
There was an outbreak of sweating sickness in the west of England.
late March
Prince Arthur and Catherine ill
Prince Arthur and Catherine of Aragon were taken ill with a viral infection.
January 1503
Court to Tower of London
The court moved to the Tower of London where Queen Elizabeth prepared for the birth of her seventh child.
8th July 1503
Princess Margaret left England for Scotland
Princess Margaret aged 14 years began her journey north to Scotland to marry 29 year old King James IV.
7th August 1503
Princess Margaret reached Edinburgh
Princess Margaret made formal entry to Edinburgh riding pillion behind her future husband.
1504
The shilling introduced
A new coin, the shilling, was introduced. It was made from silver and was worth twelve pennies.
Summer 1504
Catherine was taken ill
Catherine of Aragon was taken ill with a mystery illness which kept her confined to bed for much of the summer. She was subject to fits of fever and shivering and at times it was feared she would die.

 

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2017). Tudor Art and Culture Chronology Available: https://www.tudornation.com/tudor-art-and-culture-chronology Last accessed February 18th, 2020